Summa Theologica by St. Thomas Aquinas
FS: Treatise On The Passions
Q[35] Of Pain Or Sorrow, In Itself
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We have now to consider pain and sorrow: concerning which we must consider: (1) Sorrow or pain in itself; (2) Its cause; (3) Its effects; (4) Its remedies; (5) Its goodness or malice.

Under the first head there are eight points of inquiry:

A[1] Whether pain is a passion of the soul?

A[2] Whether sorrow is the same as pain?

A[3] Whether sorrow or pain is contrary in pleasure?

A[4] Whether all sorrow is contrary to all pleasure?

A[5] Whether there is a sorrow contrary to the pleasure of contemplation?

A[6] Whether sorrow is to be shunned more than pleasure is to be sought?

A[7] Whether exterior pain is greater than interior?

A[8] Of the species of sorrow.