Summa Theologica by St. Thomas Aquinas
SS: Treatise On The Theological Virtues
Q[43] Of Scandal
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It remains for us to consider the vices which are opposed to beneficence, among which some come under the head of injustice, those, to wit, whereby one harms one's neighbor unjustly. But scandal seems to be specially opposed to charity. Accordingly we must here consider scandal, under which head there are eight points of inquiry:

A[1] What is scandal?

A[2] Whether scandal is a sin?

A[3] Whether it is a special sin?

A[4] Whether it is a mortal sin?

A[5] Whether the perfect can be scandalized?

A[6] Whether they can give scandal?

A[7] Whether spiritual goods are to be foregone on account of scandal?

A[8] Whether temporal things are to be foregone on account of scandal?