Summa Theologica by St. Thomas Aquinas
SS: Treatise On Fortitude And Temperance
Q[123] Of Fortitude
< previous   Prologue   next >

Prologue   A[1]   A[2]   A[3]   A[4]   A[5]   A[6]   A[7]   A[8]   A[9]   A[10]   A[11]  

After considering justice we must in due sequence consider fortitude. We must (1) consider the virtue itself of fortitude; (2) its parts; (3) the gift corresponding thereto; (4) the precepts that pertain to it.

Concerning fortitude three things have to be considered: (1) Fortitude itself; (2) its principal act, viz. martyrdom; (3) the vices opposed to fortitude.

Under the first head there are twelve points of inquiry:

A[1] Whether fortitude is a virtue?

A[2] Whether it is a special virtue?

A[3] Whether fortitude is only about fear and daring?

A[4] Whether it is only about fear of death?

A[5] Whether it is only in warlike matters?

A[6] Whether endurance is its chief act?

A[7] Whether its action is directed to its own good?

A[8] Whether it takes pleasure in its own action?

A[9] Whether fortitude deals chiefly with sudden occurrences?

A[10] Whether it makes use of anger in its action?

A[11] Whether it is a cardinal virtue?

A[12] Of its comparison with the other cardinal virtues.