Summa Theologica by St. Thomas Aquinas
SS: Treatise On The States Of Life
Q[186] Of Those Things In Which The Religious State Properly Consists
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We must now consider things pertaining to the religious state: which consideration will be fourfold. In the first place we shall consider those things in which the religious state consists chiefly; secondly, those things which are lawfully befitting to religious; thirdly, the different kinds of religious orders; fourthly, the entrance into the religious state.

Under the first head there are ten points of inquiry:

A[1] Whether the religious state is perfect?

A[2] Whether religious are bound to all the counsels?

A[3] Whether voluntary poverty is required for the religious state?

A[4] Whether continency is necessary?

A[5] Whether obedience is necessary?

A[6] Whether it is necessary that these should be the matter of a vow?

A[7] Of the sufficiency of these vows;

A[8] Of their comparison one with another;

A[9] Whether a religious sins mortally whenever he transgresses a statute of his rule?

A[10] Whether, other things being equal, a religious sins more grievously by the same kind of sin than a secular person?