Summa Theologica by St. Thomas Aquinas
TP: Treatise On The Incarnation
Q[1] Of The Fitness Of The Incarnation
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Concerning the first, three things occur to be considered: first, the fitness of the Incarnation; secondly, the mode of union of the Word Incarnate; thirdly, what follows this union.

Under the first head there are six points of inquiry:

A[1] Whether it is fitting for God to become incarnate?

A[2] Whether it was necessary for the restoration of the human race?

A[3] Whether if there had been no sin God would have become incarnate?

A[4] Whether He became incarnate to take away original sin rather than actual?

A[5] Whether it was fitting for God to become incarnate from the beginning of the world?

A[6] Whether His Incarnation ought to have been deferred to the end of the world?