Summa Theologica by St. Thomas Aquinas
TP: Treatise On The Sacraments
Q[79] Of The Effects Of This Sacrament
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We must now consider the effects of this sacrament, and under this head there are eight points of inquiry:

A[1] Whether this sacrament bestows grace?

A[2] Whether the attaining of glory is an effect of this sacrament?

A[3] Whether the forgiveness of mortal sin is an effect of this sacrament?

A[4] Whether venial sin is forgiven by this sacrament?

A[5] Whether the entire punishment due for sin is forgiven by this sacrament?

A[6] Whether this sacrament preserves man from future sins?

A[7] Whether this sacrament benefits others besides the recipients?

A[8] Of the obstacles to the effect of this sacrament.