Summa Theologica by St. Thomas Aquinas
TP: Treatise On The Sacraments
Q[87] Of The Remission Of Venial Sin
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We must now consider the forgiveness of venial sins, under which head there are four points of inquiry:

A[1] Whether venial sin can be forgiven without Penance?

A[2] Whether it can be forgiven without the infusion of grace?

A[3] Whether venial sins are forgiven by the sprinkling of holy water, a bishop's blessing, the beating of the breast, the Lord's Prayer, and the like?

A[4] Whether a venial sin can be taken away without a mortal sin?